Total joint replacement, also called total joint arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the worn out or damaged surfaces of the joint are removed and replaced with new artificial parts. Primary total joint replacement is considered a treatment option if your knee or hip pain cannot be managed any longer by conservative treatment. Total joint replacement surgery is commonly indicated for severe osteoarthritis of the knee or hip joint. Osteoarthritis is a most common form of arthritis in which the joint cartilage gradually wears away. Thegoal of the surgery is to relieve pain and restore the alignment and function of your knee.
Revision arthroplasty or revision joint replacement is a surgical procedure performed in individuals who already had primary total joint replacement surgery but had certain complications that led to failure of the previous surgery. Primary total knee replacement surgery is an option to relieve severe arthritis pain that limits your daily activities. Some replacement will last longer, while other replacement implants can fail due to various reasons and may need to be replaced. When implant failure occurs another surgery may be needed to replace the failed implant, known as revision joint replacement surgery.
In revision joint replacement all or part of previously implanted joint is replaced with a new artificial joint. When a replacement joint wears out, loosens or develops a problem, it can be replaced in a revision joint replacement surgery.
Revision surgery is performed for various reasons such as